Tuesday, June 15, 2021

Alhambra, food for the soul!

 

Alhambra

Amongst the world’s greatest treasures, the Alhambra sits in serene silence on a hill in Granada Spain. I have been in love with it for a long time and a couple of years ago I spent to as much as I could there. Like a girl I had had a crush on for a long time, I loved a every moment in her company. Always in my heart.

 

 

 

 The Alhambra is a citadel and a palace atop a hill, overlooking Granada, Spain with complete majesty. To say that at first glance it is awe-inspiring would be the understatement of your life. It was built by Moorish kings in the 12th and 13th (although there was a Moorish fortress there since the 9th century) centuries and, to this day, it is recognised as one of the finest examples of Moorish architecture.

Granada was the capital of the Moorish kingdom until it was captured by Ferdinande and Isabella in 1492. 

On a rocky hill of difficult access, on the banks of the river Darro, protected by the mountains and surrounded by forest, among the oldest districts of the city, the Alhambra rises like an imposing castle of reddish tones in its walls that hide to the Exterior the delicate beauty of its interior.

The name Alhambra comes from Arabic meaning "red or crimson castle", perhaps due to the hue of the towers and walls that surround the entire hill of La Sabica which by starlight is silver but by sunlight is transformed into gold.

However, there is another more poetic version, evoked by the Moslem analysts who speak of the construction of the Alhambra fortress "by the light of torches", the reflections of which gave the walls their particular coloration. Created originally for military purposes, the Alhambra was an "alcazaba" (fortress), an "alcázar" (palace) and a small "medina" (city), all in one. This triple character helps to explain many distinctive features of the monument.

The first kings of Granada, the Zirites, had their castles and palaces on the hill of the Albaicin, and nothing remains of them. The Nasrites were probably the emirs who built the Alhambra, starting in 1238.

The founder of the dynasty, Muhammed Al-Ahmar, began with the restoration of the old fortress. His work was completed by his son Muhammed II, whose immediate successors continued with the repairs. The construction of the palaces (called Casa Real Vieja, "old Royal House or Palace") dates back to the 14th century and is the work of two great kings: Yusuf I and Muhammed V. To the first we owe, among others, the "Cuarto de Comares" (Chamber of Comares), the "Puerta de la Justicia" (Gate of Justice), the Baths and some towers. His son, Muhammed V, completed the beautification of the palaces with the "Cuarto de los Leones" (Chamber of the Lions), as well as other rooms and fortifications.

The history of the Alhambra is linked to the geographical location where it is located, Granada; 

Designed as a military zone at the beginning, the Alhambra became the royal residence and court of Granada in the mid-13th century after the establishment of the Nasrid Kingdom and the construction of the first palace by the founding king Mohammed ibn Yusuf Ben Nasr, better known as Alhamar.

The fortress becomes a citadel of high walls and defensive towers, which houses two main areas: the military zone or Alcazaba, barracks of the royal guard, and the medina or palatine city, where the famous Nasrid Palaces and the remains of the houses of nobles and plebeians who lived there. The Palace of Carlos V , (built after the city was seized in 1492 by the Catholic Monarchs) , Is also in the medina.

The monumental complex also has an independent palace in front of the Alhambra, surrounded by orchards and gardens, which was the solace of the Granadine kings, The Generalife .

Designed as a military zone at the beginning, the Alhambra became the royal residence and court of Granada in the mid-13th century after the establishment of the Nasrid Kingdom and the construction of the first palace by the founding king Mohammed ibn Yusuf Ben Nasr, better known as Alhamar.

There is no reference to the Alhambra as a residence of kings until the 13th century, although fortification has existed since the 9th century. The first kings of Granada, the Zirtians, had their castles and palaces in the hills of Albaicin, and nothing remains of them. The monarchs Ziries were in all probability the emirs who built the Alhambra, beginning in 1238.

The founder of the dynasty, Muhammed Al-Ahmar, began with the restoration of the old fort. His work was completed by his son Muhammed II, whose immediate successors continued the repairs. The construction of the palaces (called Casa Real Vieja) dates back to the 14th century and is the work of two great kings: Yusuf I and Muhammed V. The first is awarded, among others, the Fourth Comares, the Door of Justice , The Baths and some towers. His son, Muhammed V, completed the beautification of the palaces with the Hall of Lions, in addition to other rooms and fortifications.

The Alhambra became a Christian court in 1492 when the Catholic Monarchs conquered Granada. Later, several structures were built to house prominent citizens, military barracks, a Church and a Franciscan Monastery. (Sources various)












Stalactite work in the Sala de los Abencerrajes (Hall of the Abencerrajes), at the Alhambra, Granada, Spain, 13th–14th century.





Fuente de los Leones (Fountain of the Lions) in the centre of the Patio de los Leones (Court of the Lions), one of the principal courts at the Alhambra, Granada, Spain.













The Patio de la Acequia at the Generalife, the summer palace of the Moorish sultans, in Granada, Spain.


Saturday, June 12, 2021

Albert D'Souza, Rest in Heavenly Peace

 


Albert D'Souza

One of life's truly great guys

Albert D’Souza passed away peacefully on February 23, 2021 at Mackenzie Health Hospital, in his 80th year. He is loved, cherished and survived by his wife, Diana, of 47 years, his children, Elissa, Evelyn (Gianluca), Alberta and Aaron (Lisa), and his grandchildren, Lilia, Matthew and Alex. He is survived by his siblings, Filo, Innocensia, Diego, and Eudes, and their families.  He is also survived by his brothers-in-law Willie and Bonnie Lobo, and their families.

Albert will be fondly remembered by his family as a loving and devoted husband and father, a good and kind-hearted human being who went out of his way to help others, and a strong and energetic man who worked hard all his life. He lived a full and good life, enjoyed his work as an Avionics Engineer, loved spending time with his family, and always had a bright smile on his face. His friends will remember his love for fishing and for good food, his uncanny ability to build and repair anything, his giving nature, and his pleasant personality which was contagious to everyone he met.  His presence was felt and marked by all who encountered him, and he will be dearly missed by all who knew and loved him.

To our dearest husband and dad, we loved you your whole life, and we'll miss you for the rest of ours. You are no longer physically with us, but you will forever be in our hearts and thoughts.

Condolences can be left at the R.S. Kane Website: 

https://www.dignitymemorial.com/obituaries/thornhill-on/albert-dsouza-10072884

or <alberta_d@hotmail.com>


Friday, June 4, 2021

Kenya Hockey Olympians still with us: God Bless them!

 






Kenya Olympians still with us

 

1.   Roland Frank (whereabouts unknown)

2.   Reynold D’Souza (Brighton UK)

3.   Joginder Singh Dhillon (Folkstone UK)

4.   Avtar Singh Sohal (Nairobi Kenya)

5.   Silu Fernandes (Toronto Canada)

6.   Edgar Fernandes (Melbourne Australia)

7.   Hilary Fernandes (Toronto Canada)

8.   Krishan Aggarwal (India)

9.   Leo Fernandes (Toronto Canada)

10.               Amar Singh Mangat (Calgary Canada)

11.               Samad Khan (London UK)

12.               Harvinderpal Singh Marwa (London UK)

13.               Davinder Singh Deegan (London UK)

14.               Ajmal Malik (Pakistan)

15.               Amarjeet Marwa (London UK)

16.               Ezar Ayodo (whereabouts unknown)

17.               Jagmel Singh Rooprai (London UK)

18.               Surjit Singh Rihal (London UK)

19.               Harvinder Singh Sibia

20.               Brajinder Daved (London UK)

21.               Tarlochan Singh Channa (Nairobi Kenya)

22.               Ranjit Singh Sehmi (USA)

23.               Resham Singh Bains (Nairobi Kenya)

24.               Philip D’Souza (Calgary Canada)

25.               Silvester Ashioya

26.               Emmanuel Odoul

27.               Manjeet Singh Panesar (London UK)

28.               Jitender Singh Panesar (London UK)

29.               Peter Akatsa

30.               Harvinder Singh Kular (London UK)

31.               Raphael Fernandes (Toronto Canada)

32.               Sunil Chabra

33.               Sarabjit Singh Sehmi (Australia)

34.               Paul Omany

35.               Roy Odier

36.               John Okoth

37.               Samuel Ngoyo

38.               Sanjiwan Goyal

39.               Victor Owino

40.               Samson Oriso

41.               Inderjit Singh Matharu (Nairobi Kenya)

42.               Samson Muange

 


List composed by Dil Bahra
 
 
 
 
 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 


Wednesday, June 2, 2021

A GIFT FOR YOU: History of Kenya at the Olympics



THIS IS A great gift to those of you who played hockey, watched hockey or want to learn about an exceptional element of Kenya hockey history. Dil Bahra, who is considered the authority on Kenya hockey history made this presentation to Kenya Hockey Olympians and their guests in a Zoom get-together on May 30. The fact that they came together is an achievement, but if you could have listened to reminiscing and banter, it was something else. Most of these guys are in the 80s and vijana are in their 70s. But most have clear memories of the games, the results and all the other magic that was created at the Olympics. Dil Bahra has allowed me reproduction of his presentation so that you can keep a copy of it for yourself.

This is a very special man. We salute you.














































Alhambra, food for the soul!

  Alhambra Amongst the world’s greatest treasures, the Alhambra sits in serene silence on a hill in Granada Spain. I have been in love with ...