Friday, July 30, 2021

Pamela Gonsalves: The final farewell




It is with great sadness that I stand before you today to bid a final farewell to my dear sister Pam. Along with her dear devoted husband Donald, and daughters Shirley and her family and Aileen, we mourn her sudden passing which was such a shock to us all. Today we look back on Pam!s legacy, with fond memories of her zest for life, tremendous energy and inspiring character.

She was the eldest of 3 children born in Nairobi, Kenya and throughout commanded the role of the elder one, not only with her 2 siblings, but with friends and relatives alike. She trained as a teacher in Kenya and was greatly respected and admired. In the early 1960s she self-funded a PE course in Eastbourne and returned with special qualifications for swimming and physical education.

When she returned, she taught in rural schools in Kenya When she had to leave the country and come to England in the 1970s, she discovered, despite her ample qualifications she had to re-train to UK standards . However, with two young children, in a new country following the Kenya exodus, she was unable to work in the profession she loved.

When the girls had left university and started their careers Pam continued with her studies as a mature student at Middlesex University. After which she was able to return to the classroom as a teacher, a role which she thrived in. She focused on specialist teaching for those with additional learning needs. Pam was very much into justice, equality and fairness in all her undertakings and these are attributes she practiced and imparted by example to all especially her family.

During her time in England she has lived and worked in different places, quickly accommodating and integrating with local communities especially with charitable organisations. She worked tirelessly seeking donations and collections for sales, dances and teas for worthy causes. In the last year Pam helped support her mission for poor and vulnerable in Croydon as well as a health care centre in Kenya. She fundraised for a project that took her, Shirley and 10 young British students out to rural Kenya to help build a classroom in a rural Christian school for girls.

Pam continued to raise awareness on development issues volunteering in the education wings for CAFOD and Christian Aid. As part of her studies in development at Middlesex Pam spent a year studying and teaching in a rural part of China. Pam was popular amongst both students and staff at the teacher training college where she was placed.

As an environmental activist she played an important role in the UK activities of the Save Goa Campaign attempting successfully to stop illegal mineral extraction . She led a very active lifestyle, tirelessly helping others with shopping, organising events and classes. Most recently leading morning exercises here in Whittington College. She had a "Midas touch! when it came to creativity, crafting magnificent giant flowers to adorn my own wedding backdrop.

Her eye for detail and immense artistry produced a breathtakingly beautiful marquee for Aileen!s wedding which wove in hints of Goa and Newbury alike. At Shirley!s Goa wedding, Pam masterminded the decoration, weaving local Goan traditions and cuisine with international tastes and she co-ordinated the travel, accommodation and itineraries for friends attending from around the world. Her love for her family was boundless and her pride for them, exceptional. Although a strong and determined woman, she leaned on Donald for support and assistance. They were a great team and great life partners, keeping each other young and active especially most recently through walks and croquet. Pam never missed a performance or play that Aileen was involved in. She and Don would travel across the country to attend performances from the caves of Devon, castles in Kent to the Barbican.

Pam would use her seamstress skills to mend costumes and take up garments for theatre productions. She kept her children on her toes and even into adulthood reminded Aileen to keep her curls light, and her nails neat. Aileen!s last exchange was a WhatsApp photo of perfectly manicured nails. Pam would have been tickled! Pam was justly proud of her grandson Xavier who has a special place in her heart. She, watched and marvelled as he grew, his charm, intelligence and character. She was keenly looking forward to him spending a week with them this summer and planning activities that would nurture and further strengthen the strong bonds they and Donald, forged together.

As the world moved to a virtual platform last year, sometimes forgetting to mute her mic on Zoom, Pam kept up with technology in order to connect with her family for fun family chats and quizzes and also to participate in Aileen’s productions.

She was a very keen golfer, and captained the team when she lived in Newbury, won prizes and played outdoors in all kinds weather, undeterred by rain, sleet and snow. She still kept her golfing kit handy behind the door, just in case! There have been scores of remembrance cards, phone calls and condolence messages from friends across the world, recollecting her relationships in different parts of the world. All incredulous with disbelief at her passing. But as we mourn our loss, I must explain that this outcome is what she would have wanted. She was not one to tolerate ill health in herself.

Donald was a devoted husband to Pam, caring for her and her Mother Mabel in an understated manner. She was fortunate to have Donald, supportive, caring and conscientious in enabling her to accomplish all she wanted to do. She knew she could rely on him regardless of the plan she had in mind. He was lovingly chided and coerced along, and he never faltered.

Donald, we know you are in pain and feel your immense loss, but we all know she will always be a guardian angel by your side. You have your 2 daughters, son in law and grandson to give you comfort. You have myself and my family as well as scores of dear friends and neighbours to look out for you. Pam’s last day on Earth was industrious, hectic and involved flower arranging, church visits and reaching out to others. It was a happy and productive day. One of her finest. This is a sure sign of divine intervention. Indeed, she loved it here at Whittington, and Donald would often overhear her saying on the phone that ‘this place is like being in heaven!

For now, we can only grieve with you Donald and family and ourselves be comforted because she was such a good person, kind, caring and spiritual, that she is in Heaven, along with her sister, mother and father. They are there interceding on our behalf to enable us to bear this great loss and sorrow.

So dear Pam: “Farewell”.

(Delivered by Pam’s brother Cajie Moniz)

 

 


 

Sunday, July 25, 2021

Heartbreak at the Tokyo Olympics 1964

 

TOKYO 1964: the day Goan and Kenyans hearts broke

 




By Cyprian Fernandes

ANYONE who knew Seraphino Antao, Kenya’s Commonwealth Games double sprint gold medalist, can ever forget the heartbreak of the 1964 Olympic Games. He carried the hopes of the whole country and his fans around the world, only to leave the sport he loved so much with a broken heart.

Not so long ago, I recalled the pain and disappointment of Tokyo: In June, Seraphino Antao’s (originally from Chandor) preparation for Tokyo 1964 Olympics was going well and as he headed for Europe, he was confident of great things. During the Kenya trials at Lower Kabete, just outside of Nairobi, he had clocked a wind-assisted 9.5 seconds for the 100 yards and 21.1 for the 220 yards. He maintained the mark for the 100 yards in the Kenya championships in Kisumu but improved his time for the 220 setting a respectable 20.8 seconds.

In Europe, he had been in scintillating form winning at the White City in London, Czechoslovakia, Poland, Sweden, and many other countries.

Before he left with the Kenya team for Tokyo, he had told me he was feeling really good about the challenges ahead. He felt, at 27 years of age, he was nearing the peak of his form. He was very confident.

On the day before the flag raising ceremony (two days before the heats of the 100 metres), we got the news that he had been struck down with mild influenza and the country held its breath which later turned to complete heartbreak because he never recovered enough to run at his best, or even to make an attempt at running. While he was nothing but confident arriving in Tokyo, he had a worrying secret: he was also carrying a hamstring injury which he had suffered in training. He was confident it would heal by the time the heats for the sprints started. It was not to be.

He knew the day before the opening ceremony that all was not well with him. He feared he would not be able to run at all. Disappointed, he handed the Kenya flag which he was due to carry at the lead of the Kenya team into the stadium to his friend, the great Kipchoge Keino. He failed to qualify in either 100 metres or the 200 metres.

He made his mind up to quit athletics altogether. He was shattered to say the least. Many months later when I spoke to him, there were tears in his eyes when speaking of the disappointment of Tokyo. “I just could not get myself to go through it all again … sometimes training at daybreak and late into the night, no matter what the weather, holding down a full-time job, and then to be knocked out by influenza when I was at the peak of my performance … I was shattered. I just could not go on,” he told me.

I tried to talk him out of it, saying that at 27, he was pretty young. However, he was very angry that fate and illness had denied him his moment in destiny. He was convinced that he had nothing left to give. In Tokyo, it was a now or never moment for him. He knew he did nothing wrong. He blamed his bad luck in falling ill. He felt abandoned by the gods. He was so very angry about it especially since he wanted to win an Olympic medal for the people of Kenya and his own family.

Goans have been representing Kenya since the Melbourne Olympics in 1956. Two tribes dominated selection for the Olympics and international matches: the Goans and the Sikhs. In almost three decades of Olympic hockey, Kenya’s best performance was 6th and 4th in the World Cup.

The Olympic wreath of greatest could easily have been crowned any of the following players: Alu Mendonca (1956, 1960, 1964, 1968), Reynold D’Souza (1956, 1964), Hilary Fernandes ( 1960, 64, 68), Leo Fernandes, (1964, 68, 72), Egbert Fernandes (1960, 1964, 1968), Edgar Fernandes (1960, 64), Saude George (1960, 64), Anthony Vaz (1956, 60, 64), Silu Fernandes (1960, 64, 68). Other Goans to represent Kenya: Rosario Delgado, Michael Pereira (1956), Reynolds Pereira (1968, 1972, 1976), Philip D’Souza (1972), Raphael Fernandes (1984). George Moraes, Poly Pereira and Willie Lobo represented Uganda in 1972 and Frederick Furtado, Soter D’Silva and Stephen D’Silva represented Tanzania in 1980.


Hockey star Hilary Fernandes with Seraphino Antao who had told Hilary about the flu and the suspect hamstring muscle



Hockey start Silvester Fernandes in Tokyo 1964


The late Alu Mendonca


The later Egbert Fernandes with his brother Edgar.



The 1964 Kenya Olympic squad


Late President Jomo Kenyatta handing the Kenya flag to Seraphino Antao






Friday, July 23, 2021

Funeral Notice: Mary (Conci) Fernandes

 


Please find below the the link to the Mass which will be on Thursday 5th August 2021 at 09:15am UK Time.I have also attached the order of service.

Due to church requirements we have had to shorten the hymns and also the opening gospel. Once again apologies
 









Friday, July 16, 2021

Dar Goan Hockey team's finest hour

 


BELOW Dar Goans



Dar Goans win

the Gold Cup

April 1953

By “Flotsam”

WELL, it’s happened. Dar es Salam Goan Institute recorded its most resounding victory on the field of sport when it beat the Sikh Union of Nairobi 2-1 in the final of the M R D’Souza Gold Cup. The victory has established the Dar team as the premier hockey team in British East Africa.

Splendid cut and thrust hockey was served up throughout the 60 minutes of the match.

In many respects it was an amazing game. It is a long time since the Nairobi crowds have seen a visiting team take such a hammering and yet, hit back and win the match.

There was speed, thrust and bite in every Sikh Union move but the Dar es Salaam side’s greater determination  and “we’ll show them” attitude saw them home at the finish.

It is not too much to say that the Goan  defence won the match for the challengers from Tanganyika. Time and again, deep defenders Alban Fernandes and F X D’Souza came to the rescue when the fiery Sikh forwards quintette, always on the attack, threatened to score.

The Goan forward line attacks were spasmodic, but they converted two of the four chances that came their way.

It is difficult to single out a Goan player for mention. Each one did his best.

The first half produced no goals, but was fraught with thrills. The Sikh Union enjoyed market territorial supremacy. However, in the second half, a strong raid by the Dar es Salaam side saw the ball flash to outside right Peter Rodrigues whose shot zipped past the helpless goalkeeper.

And other period of Sikh supremacy followed but a sudden breakthrough in the 52nd minute saw the Goans forcing a penalty corner-bully. Inside left Mathew Andrade found no difficulty beating goalkeeper Avtar Singh.

Hardly had the cheers of the Goan supporters died down when the Sikh Union scored a well-deserved goal through Surjeet Singh in a goalmouth melee.

Encouraged, the Sikhs forced corner after corner but amidst terrific excitement the Goan side held on successfully to their slender lead.

After the match, the Mayor of Nairobi, Alerman Dr J R Gregory presented the handsome cup to Peter Coelho, captain of the Dar side.

The following represented the winning side: Peter Coelho, F X D’Souza, Alban Fernandes, Fenelon Almeida, Peter D’Sa, and Visitation DD’Souza; Peter Rodrigues, Paxsy Colaco, John D’Souza, Mathew Andrades, and Timothy Fernandes.

Hooligans at a hockey match in Nairobi

By Franklin D’Souza

Some of our local teams must invariably indulge in rough and robust hockey which even from a spectator’s point of view is a most nauseating spectacle in the field of sports. Although the finals of the M R De Souza Gold Cup provided many thrilling moments to an excited crowd of hockey fans, it was not devoid of these ugly incidents which bring into relief the unsportsmanship on the part of the players and the team as a whole.

Mainly obstructionist tactics characterised the game of Sikhs, while calmness was the keynote of the Goan play which eventually was largely responsible for the final victory. It is not stickwork alone that places one on a pedestal of power – even more important  is a calm temperament to sport a defeat when otherwise victory seemed almost a certainty.

These are the two characteristics which have earned a high reputation for teams like the Lusitanians in Bombay.  The “Lusies” are known to face defeat  with the same sporting spirit which characterises their victories.

It would appear no useful purpose has been served by inviting overseas in this country, for nothing that is exemplary in those tams has emulated or is being emulated by our local teams; but on the contrary, there seems to be a sustained effort to play the same old dreadful and dirty hockey.

Hooligans run riot

Hardly had the final of the Gold Cup ended, when a gang of bearded hooligans and hoodlums worked up into a frenzy invaded the field and mercilessly beat up umpire Peter Barbossa who later fainted and required first aid. And then, adopting somewhat like the familiar Mau Mau, hit the energetic Secretary of the Kenya Goan Sports Association Sports Secretary Mascarenhas till he bled. Not satisfied with the punishment inflicted for no reason on the Secretary, the hoodlums bashed his child.

This incident delayed the presentation of the Gold Cup by the Mayor of Nairobi who watched the sea of excited humanity surging towards him which was kept back with great difficulty by four unarmed “askaris”. The learned Mayor after presenting miniature trophies to the Sikhs said although Dar had taken the Gold Cup, Nairobi could still wrest it from the winners next year. But this high rhetoric was meaningless to those hooligans who only a little while ago bashed the umpire and the Secretary of the Kenya Goans Sports Association.

Planned attack

It is alleged that the incident was as a result  of a wrong decision on the part of the referee Martin Rodrigues which put the Sikhs at a disadvantage. But it is pertinent to point out that the main attack came from those who had previously in the same tournament had conveniently their failure to poor refereeing by Peter Barbossa.

Apart from the abuse hurled at Martin Rodrigues after he had awarded a penalty bully to the Dar es Salaam Goans, the Sikh players abstained from the skirmish and the frantic assault on Barbosa and Mascarenha.

It is learnt now that the attack was planned. The impetus to the plan was given by the defeat of the Sikhs whose supporters joined the troublemakers.

Action needed

The Kenya Goan Association must take necessary action against those Sikh players who abused the umpire during the game. It must also, in future, provide adequate protection to deal with hooligans. Umpires and players should not be to such bestial punishment as was meted out to Barbosa and Mascarenhas. In the meantime, the goondas must be brought to task, if repetition of such incidents has to be stopped. On more than one occasion, the Goan sportsmen have had their heads broken by ruffians.

Fine Organisation

Apart from the incident mentioned, the organisation of the Gold Cup tournament was perfect in every detail and credit in this respect goes to Anthony Mascarenhas, Secretary of the Kenya Goans Sports Association under whose auspices the tournament is run.

The participation of teams from all over
East Africa augurs well for the organisers for the tournament is bound to be the premier one in the this country. The umpiring throughout the tournament was of a very high standard particularly by Barbossa, Rodrigues and Anthony de Souza. As regards the winners of the trophy, it can safely be said that the best team won.

 

 

The  frog that almost stopped the Sydney Olympics


WAY back in 1993, as the first steps towards the construction of the Sydney Olympic site were being carefully treaded, conservationists, amateur conservations, professional personal agenda drivers, local residents and powerful Aboriginal conservationists almost brought to complete halt the construction. Why? Because the huge pond created by the Homebush Brickworks’ quarry and its surrounding vegetation was the home of the endangered Green and Golden Bell Frog. In the corridors of NSW power, in little and large meeting rooms, wannabe do-gooders joined the faithful and others in the war against engineers, builders, architects, the money counters, the NSW government, the Sydney Olympics Committee and the Minister for the Olympics, Bruce Baird. In the end, Baird, who is a pretty sensible and easy-going bloke with tons of experience, won the day and the frog’s habitat was saved.

So, to date, the frog has enjoyed the protection and conservation overseen by the Sydney Olympic Park Authority. During the “war” I visited the brickworks site many times until everyone packed their ammunition and went home quite happy that they had achieved something special. Over the past 21 years I had driven passed the Olympic site, often visited one of the many sports arenas and always promised myself that I need to see what the final outcome of the frog war was. I did it recently, June 15. Spent an hour walking around the circular walk high in the sky. Looking down below, I could not see any frogs from that height but I did see a lot of birds, ducks and other waders. More importantly, I was shot back on my heels … there was a family (?) of large black swans frolicking in the huge pond and appeared to be feeding on the green algae. I loved every moment. Must get a better longer lens camera.




















 

Thursday, July 15, 2021

The Sporting Dar Institute

 

Dar Institute

Not just Wine, Women and Song

(I have no idea the occasion of the following speech, suffice to say it would have been a long time ago. Regardless, it remains a valuable and nostalgic document which provides insights into the sports men and sports women of the Dar es Salaam Institute. I hope you enjoy and share it. Perhaps it was 1969 or 1970.)

 

I am indebted to Angelo D’Souza for providing me with the material. I am saddend that I was not able find photos of some of the folks mentioned. Perhaps, some kind person will send them to me.

 

By Francis Menezes,

 

MANY PEOPLE (me included) tend to equate the Dar Institute with “Wine, Women and Song.” This is all very well, up to a point, but on closer scrutiny, one notices an important factor missing from the equation. That factor is sport.

Look at it how you will, for sheer all-round good calibre performances in sport, year in and year out, the D I could very well be envy of every other club in Tanzania. Take their much-maligned cricket team first. In the Dar es Salaam Cricket League last year, the D I were (as usual, some unkind critic might say) contending for the dubious honour of earning the wooden spoon.

However, in the last match they suddenly reached the zenith of accomplishment and scored 285-6 declared against Mabati XI. This was DI”s highest total ever and highest in the league by any other side in 1969. Openers Alex D’Costa and skipper Angelo D’Souza put on 169 runs for the third wicket and broke the existing record for that wicket. In a valiant attempt to describe the feat to others, an observer struggled with stock adjectives, but “sensible” was not good enough for Angelo’s 138 (which, as it happened, was the highest individual score in the league last year) and “responsible” did scant justice to Alex’s 75.

Last season, the DI’s hockey players brought back nostalgic memories of a glorious past. They began by losing to Bantu Sports Club in their very first match in the Kasam Cup League but, carrying on regardless, won the remaining fixtures, including the one against a young, enthusiastic and much fancied Young Rovers side by 3-1.

The unexpected victory of a depleted University College side over Bantu meant that I I finished on level terms with Bantus in the final averages – and had to play off against them.

An early goal by left-winger Kenneth Nazareth – against the run of play – decided the issue, for later, the rock-like defence of Denzil Nazareth, Chic Saldanha and goalkeeper Tony Gomes proved impregnable.

In the Ismailia Cup knock-out tournament, the D I beat, among others, Kinondoni Sports Club (the holders) after a marathon struggle lasting 280 minutes and met University College (the previous year’s winners) in the final. A goal by centre-forward Lenny Fonseca, some sterling defence, and the D I had achieved the grand double for the season.

The team was well led by left-back Angelo Martin with not a little discreet guidance and encouragement  afforded by Chic Saldanha and Mathew Andrade ( who was the only D I “left-over” of the victorious 1953 M.R. De Souza Gold Cup squad (I did not watch that great achievement personally, but I heard a lot of about it, more disbelief than anything else).

Not to be outdone by the male counterparts, the D I women won the A.P>C> Lobo Cup last year, beating a team drawn from the rest of Dar es Salaam. This year they prevailed over Gymkhana in the Saba Saba Festival Cup which was offered for competition for the first time. Right-winger Zita D’Mello led the team on both occasions “con brio”.

The Dar es Salaam Women’s Hockey Association last year chose Elsa Nazareth as the outstanding player but one in Dar es Salaam.

At darts, the D I captained by Tony Fernandes, whose example was on a par with his precept won the “Sunday News” League in 1968 and again last year.

Victor Tellis and Chic Saldanha lifted the Benbros Cup last year in an open duplicate bridge tournament. Their partnership was a fusion of entirely antithetical playing styles and personalities.

Two months ago, in an elimination  contest held to select the team to represent Dar es Salaam in the East African inter-city Bridge Tournament, Jocelyn Viegas and Jaffer Ibrahim scored a fantastic 70,19% which could hardly have failed to establish some sort of a local record in duplicate bridge.

So, there you have , then – a chronicle of some of the major sports achievements of the D I in the recent past and purposeful contrast to the gay (happy) spirit provided by “Wine, Women and Song” in this social club.

 

I hope to bring more sporting featuring the Goans and others of Dar es Salaam.

 

Saturday, July 10, 2021

COVID-19 Our Living Hell



NO ONE actually has any idea how long our COVID hell will last but rest assured they will be talking (if there anyone left to do the talking) about for many decades to come. In 30 or 40 years, if COVID does disappear, our current living hell will be the stuff of history books. Fortunately, thanks to the every improving electronic communication, there will be almost real-life experiences for future students of the COVID.

Perhaps, the first things they will learn about are the many mistakes government around the world made when the unknown COVID-19 began claiming its first victims. By 2050, will someone have actually provide proof of where and how the world was non-stop virus bombed. They  will by then, and we will long before that, analyse the mistakes and successes, day to day, as long as the Hell lived on earth. Will our world be remembered more for the bungling and mismanagement of the war against COVID, or the world's final victory?

I am assuming our current living Hell will continue in some form or another for the next few years or and like the flu, we will need to vaccinate with each new variant. As a doctor friend asked me no so long ago, when will the world realise that containment is more important than anything else. Part of that process must be vaccination. Every man, woman and child must be vaccinated if we are build strong defences. My No. 1 son, who in regular conversations online with friends around the world, told me that in the very early days of the pandemic: Fight it like you are fighting the flue. Or will man's ignorance, reluctance against vaccination, only help to spread the disease. When will they every learn. Will, one day, governments force vaccinate their people? Will it come to that? Does it need to come to that? Surely, we who are living in the 21st century are better than that? Or are we? Does our ignorance require the police to ensure we do the right thing? Surely we are more sensible than that?

Wives and husbands have been buried without the living parent and children being able to say farewell or provide some comfort in the dying moments.

Parents have lingered in a kind of hell in age care facilties because their families are not able to visit them because of COVID lockdowns.

Funerals are restricted to a few members of the family and others can only say their goodbyes virtually.

Overseas, loved one as dying without seeing any relatives in their final moments.

Are we people who suffer in silence and not speaker in anger, even though what you want to say has been brewing in a breaking heart for many months?


Why can't we get it right and bit this hell out of our lives forever?

There will be many Royal Commissions and inquiries of the ilk.

Who fiddled the process?

How did governments fall prey to crooks, as in India when a disqualified COVID tester was hired by Australian authorities.

Why did European double cross on supply of vaccs?

And a million others things that have gone wrong! Others will argue that because it was knew to all of us, it was a learn-by-your mistakes thing.

Why was compulsory vaccination not introduced right from the start, especially for people who worked in age-care facilities, drivers who ferried folks from airports and other points, anyone involved in health, health centre employees, etc.




The information below is courtesy of :

European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control

An agency of the European Union


Since week 2021-25 and as of week 2021-26, 2 708 238 new cases of COVID-19 (in accordance with the applied case definitions and testing strategies in the affected countries) and 53 862 new deaths have been reported.

New cases have been reported from Asia (961 320), America (949 611), Europe (540 404), Africa (253 243) and Oceania (3 660). The five countries reporting most new cases are: Brazil (349 210), India (305 898), United Kingdom (198 099), Colombia (188 667) and Indonesia (168 780).

New deaths have been reported from America (26 018), Asia (16 000), Europe (6 823), Africa (4 999) and Oceania (22). The five countries reporting most new deaths are: Brazil (10 943), India (5 998), Colombia (4 140), Russia (4 032) and Indonesia (3 444).

Summary:

Since 31 December 2019 and as of week 2021-26, 184 424 524 cases of COVID-19 (in accordance with the applied case definitions and testing strategies in the affected countries) have been reported, including 3 986 982 deaths.

Cases have been reported from:

Africa: 5 678 119 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are South Africa (2 062 896), Morocco (534 550), Tunisia (447 161), Egypt (282 082) and Ethiopia (276 435).

Asia: 50 059 288 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are India (30 585 229), Iran (3 241 037), Indonesia (2 284 084), Philippines (1 436 369) and Iraq (1 371 475).

America: 73 345 124 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are United States (33 717 574), Brazil (18 769 808), Argentina (4 552 687), Colombia (4 375 861) and Mexico (2 541 873).

Europe: 55 255 688 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are France (5 786 203), Russia (5 610 941), Turkey (5 444 786), United Kingdom (4 930 533) and Italy (4 263 317).

Oceania: 85 600 cases; the five countries reporting most cases are Australia (30 757), French Polynesia (19 007), Papua New Guinea (17 098), Guam (8 394) and Fiji (7 149).

Other: 705 cases have been reported from an international conveyance in Japan.

Deaths have been reported from:

Africa: 146 303 deaths; the five countries reporting most deaths are South Africa (61 840), Egypt (16 264), Tunisia (15 482), Morocco (9 319) and Ethiopia (4 331).

Asia: 739 802 deaths; the five countries reporting most deaths are India (402 728), Iran (84 627), Indonesia (60 582), Philippines (25 149) and Pakistan (22 427).

America: 1 926 520 deaths; the five countries reporting most deaths are United States (605 526), Brazil (524 417), Mexico (233 689), Peru (193 389) and Colombia (109 466).

Europe: 1 172 912 deaths; the five countries reporting most deaths are Russia (137 925), United Kingdom (128 231), Italy (127 649), France (111 190) and Germany (91 031).

Oceania: 1 439 deaths; the five countries reporting most deaths are Australia (910), Papua New Guinea (173), French Polynesia (142), Guam (140) and Fiji (39).

Other: 6 deaths have been reported from an international conveyance in Japan.

 

NOTES ON THE DATA:

*Notification rates for Sweden may not be reflecting the actual number of cases due to security updates in the SmiNet database.

Pamela Gonsalves: The final farewell

It is with great sadness that I stand before you today to bid a final farewell to my dear sister Pam. Along with her dear devoted husband Do...